"Understanding the problems,
brings backyard peace"
It is fairly certain that you will encounter some kind of obstacle that will need to be overcome when feeding wild birds in your yard.
We will look at some of the problems that can crop up from time to time and how they can be dealt with.
Sometimes there is more than one solution.
And sometimes one solution will work for one person and not another.So don't be discouraged if your friend does something that works beautifully for them to solve a situation, but when you try it, you do not have the same success.
There may be another solution for you.
Understanding all the guests and knowing something about all the guests is important whether they are welcome guests or not.
But, it is a fact to understand that all have been invited by putting out a bird feeder.
So you have to make your invitation specific of you don't want everyone showing up at the buffet!
Poor quality seed will end up on the ground because the shells are empty and a poor quality mixed seed contains types of seed like wheat, buckwheat, milo, red millet etc. that the wild birds don’t eat. (Uneaten seed will spoil causing more bird feeding problems too.)
If you notice a lot of bird seed building up under your feeder then switch the brand of seed you are buying. Buy good quality wild bird seed. It may seem expensive, but the amount of seed you will save will more than make up for the initial purchase price.
Also if you don't want shells all over the ground or your deck, you can hang a seed catcher under your feeder to catch the shells.
Or uneaten seed. There will always be some seed that gets tossed "over board". If you are using a mixed seed some birds are "picky" eaters and will search through your mix looking for the type of seed they like best.
A seed catcher will also act as a platform feeder as many types of birds prefer to eat from a flat surface such as Cardinals, Juncos, Finches, Sparrows.
A bird feeder that dispenses only nyjer (thistle) seed is very effective at deterring larger birds and squirrels. (Nyjer seed is a very small seed which requires a special feeder.)
Squirrels, Blackbirds and Starlings are not usually attracted to nyjer seed.
And if the nyjer feeder is a tube style feeder, the larger birds will not be able to sit on the feeder to eat, as it is unmanageable for them. But it will attract Gold Finches by the dozens, Chickadees and Purple Finches.
Tube feeders for sunflower seeds that have metal feeding ports and perches will prevent the squirrels from chewing the holes larger and chewing off the perches.
(If larger pesky birds are managing to eat at a tube feeder and the perches are made of wood or plastic then cut off the perches to about an inch and a half long. This length is not long enough for them to perch and will reduce bird feeding problems.)
Use a small bird feeder that only small clinging agile birds can use like Chickadees, small Woodpeckers, some Finches and Nuthatches.
Larger birds find this type of bird feeder too difficult to manage.
Many larger birds are not good at clinging and eating.
The perches on small feeders often don't allow enough room for the larger birds to fit and eat comfortably.
So if a small feeder accompanies a larger one the small birds have a place to go to eat in peace.
They allow only clinging birds to feed from them, such as Woodpeckers, Nuthatches, Chickadees, Brown Creepers and some Finches.
The underside is the only surface a bird can eat from with this type of suet feeder which requires a lot of agility.
(Blackbirds and Starlings are not clinging birds and therefore find them a little harder to manage. Although I can't promise they won't be successful. ;))
Most birds and squirrels do not like to eat safflower seed.
Safflower seed can be used in hopper style bird feeders. Clean the feeder out well so there is no trace of other smells like peanuts or sunflower seeds and then fill with only safflower seed.
Cardinals and a few other birds love it.
I have had good success keeping squirrels away using safflower seed, but found that some Blackbirds still would eat it.
Try it and if the critters you are trying to un-envite don't like it, bonus!
You may find it surprising but this is why:
Do not use seed with cayenne or other hot peppers to deter squirrels. The capsaicin in hot peppers causes severe pain in a Squirrels mouth, just as it does in ours.
If you have sprinkled hot pepper powder on your bird seed and had it blow in your eyes you know how good that feels! (Sarcasm intended.) It will do the same to Squirrels and wild bird eyes.
It will eventually teach the squirrels to not eat the seed but some animals have been known to harm themselves when trying to get rid of the burning sensation.
There has not been sufficient study to prove it's use, especially in colder climates.
The Cornell Lab of Ornithology does not recommend it's use and that is recommendation enough in my opinion.
Another important detriment to using hot peppers is that capsaicin is toxic to bees. You can verify this at the National Pesticide Information Center. Our Bees have already declined to alarmingly low numbers. Let's do our part to preserve all wildlife.
Cage feeders are a bird feeder surrounded by a wire cage with large enough openings for small birds. Usually tube feeders, suet feeders and small hopper style feeders come in cages.
Larger birds like Starlings and Blackbirds, grey squirrels and black squirrels cannot fit through the openings to reach the bird seed. No guarantees though for red squirrels! ;-)
This type of bird feeder is a platform bird feeder with a horizontal grids that cover the feeding area.
The grids leave spaces which are too small for paws and large beaks to reach in and get seed.
Some types have a double grid to make the openings very small.
The grid can be removed to turn the feeder into a bunny or squirrel feeder.
This is a nice versatile feeder that can be used easily to fix problems if needed.
Bird feeding problems can also be turned into other fun activities.
Provide one of the many entertaining squirrel feeders on the market or make your own.
Squirrels bring out many diverse emotions and attitudes among people who bird feed. But understanding them and adjusting our behaviour can make life easier for us.
So get a squirrel feeder and enjoy the fun!
But don’t think the Squirrels, Blackbirds and other pesky birds will necessarily stop trying, even if they can’t access your bird feeders. So fill the feeder you are using now or a platform feeder or tray feeder with cheap seed, like corn and red millet.
And to help solve this bird feeding problem once a day at the same time everyday add a few peanuts in the shell, sunflower seeds and/or reduced baked goods. This will attract all the greedy birds and squirrels to that feeder. Place this feeder off by itself away from your other feeders, in an easy accessible location for them, preferably away from your favourite viewing area.
But read how one visitor to this site was pleasantly surprised by the "pesty squirrels" visit.
Domestic cats pose bird feeding problems unto themselves. Cats won’t eat the seed in the bird feeders but they will consume the wild birds eating at the bird feeders.
They are attracted solely for the sport of hunting and so it is incumbent upon us, since we have attracted the feathered ones in the first place, to protect them from the felines we also keep as pets.
Read more to understand this particular problem The Number One Backyard Bird Predators are…?.
Backyard feeding can be like setting a table for predators like hawks. Birds of Prey are doing what they need to do to survive.
There are actions we can take to reduce the unfair advantage we have provided birds of prey by attracting song birds to our feeders. Read here.
But the fact that the table is set beside our house is a deterrent.
Also providing shelter close to your bird feeding station like a bush or shelter of some kind is important. This will give the songbirds a place to hide if necessary.
We have to understand to appreciate and respect the many ways animals survive.
Snakes will not be a contributor to bird feeding problems but will be attracted to bird houses and nests to eat the baby birds and eggs.
More information to combat this problem at Backyard Bird Predators.
Both of these types of animals will visit bird feeders to partake of the bird seed. And they will also visit bird houses to eat the eggs or very young birds.
You can add a baffle to your pole that your bird feeder or bird house is mounted on to keep these two invaders away.
Or mount an umbrella baffle over a hanging bird feeder or bird house.
Nectar feeders have problems all their own. But they are not insurmountable. Find some good tips at "Hummingbird Feeder Nectar Attracts Unwelcome Guests".
Sometimes bees will take up residence in a bird house. It can be a perplexing and potentially dangerous situation if not dealt with correctly. Find the solution on how to deal with this problem here at Beekeeping.
Starlings and Blackbirds can take over and consume large quantities of bird seed. But there are things you can do to eliminate or reduce bird feeding problems like this.
Find helpful tips on my Starlings and Blackbird page.
After learning the facts about bird feeding problems and implementing solutions, a greater satisfaction will be derived from this wonderful hobby.
Bird Feeding Problems