Hummingbird Nests are the Smallest Nests in the World

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hummingbird mom and babies at a nest.

Female Hummingbirds are Dedicated &
Hard Working Parents


“A Mommy Hummingbird’s Work is Never Done”

The female prefers to build the nest, incubate the eggs, raise the young, and defend her territory by herself.

She may even chase the male away!

Attracting males is now out of season for her.

She is busy and “single” minded about raising her family.

How Big is a Hummingbird Nest?

The nest the female constructs is about 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches wide on the outside diameter, depending on the type of Hummingbird.

This of course depends on the species, some will be smaller and some a little larger.

A quarter will barely cover the outside circumference of a Ruby-throated Hummingbird’s nest!

The inside is the Size of a Penny!

A penny could fit in the inside of a nest and cover three eggs. (Although most Hummingbirds only lay two eggs.)

The eggs are equivalent to the size of white beans.

Black-chinned Hummingbird Mom with Fledgling Waiting for a Meal
Black-chinned Hummingbird Mom
with Fledgling Waiting for a Meal

What are Hummingbird Nests Made Of?

The Hummingbird Nest is a tiny compact nest made of various nesting materials depending on the area where the female Hummer is living.

The outside of the nest and the part that attaches the nest to the base where the nest will sit, are made with sturdy materials, such as bud pods, small animal bones, plant fibers, and small sticks.

For the inside lining of the nest softer materials will be used like plant down and finer plant fibers.

hummingbird collecting nest material
Female Collecting Bulrush Down for Nest Material

Most species of Hummingbirds will weave spider silk into the materials they choose, to hold their nest together and making it stretchy.

This ability to “grow” allows the nest to accommodate the baby birds as they grow larger.

Spider silk is very strong and durable. Probably the reason some Hummingbirds are able to add a new nest on top of an existing nest year after year.

female hummingbird building nest with spider silk
Spider Silk Is Strong & Flexible

Scientific American when talking about spider silk states on their website that –

The different silks have unique physical properties such as strength, toughness and elasticity, but all are very strong compared to other natural and synthetic materials.


A dragline strand is several times stronger than steel, on a weight-for-weight basis, but a spider’s dragline is only about one-tenth the diameter of a human hair.

You have to admit, that is strong!

Often lichen will be attached to the outside of the nest for camouflage. You can see an example below!

lichen on outside of hummingbird nest with a bird inside the nest. There is leaves covering the nest.
Lichen Attached to Outside of Nest for Camouflage

What Materials Can Help Build Hummingbird Nests?


  • natural cotton, wool, sisal, and hemp, that has not been processed
  • moss
  • pine needles
  • cattail fluff, milkweed & cottonwood down
  • leave some twigs, leaves, dry grasses and other natural material lying around in your yard for birds to use
  • plan to grow plants birds like to use for nest building

Natural materials are always the best.

Not These

  • cotton absorbs and holds moisture which is not good for baby birds
  • synthetic fabric
  • aluminum tin foil
  • plastic of any kind
  • dryer lint breaks up when wet, then crumbles when it dries

Ways To Help Hummingbirds Be Successful
Raising Their Young

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Where do Females Build Their Hummingbird Nests?

Nests are often
built on a horizontal branch of a tree or bush that provides dense

But other locations are chosen too. See the examples below.

hummingbird nest suspended from a small branch.
Hummingbird Nest Appears Suspended in Mid Air
hummingbird nest that is hard to see because it blends with the background
Camouflage is Very Important
Up close of the camouflaged nest.
Did you see this little nest in the photo above?
Hummingbird Nest Suspended On Blades Of Grass With Two Tiny Eggs
Hummingbird Nest Suspended On Blades
Of Grass With Two Tiny Eggs

Some females have been known to return to the very same nest year after year.

But instead of house cleaning last year’s nest, she will build a completely new one right on top of the old one.

This can result in a pile of three or four nests!

What do Baby Hummingbirds Eat?

After an incubation period with the Mom sitting on the eggs that lasts for about two and a half weeks, then the tiny Hummingbird babies hatch.

They are altricial babies, which means they are born almost completely without feathers or down.

Baby Hummingbirds are completely reliant on the mother to keep them warm, fed, and safe.

altricial hummingbird babies
Hummingbird Babies are Born Altricial

The mother then begins the three-week stage of feeding, protecting, and raising baby birds for the fledge day.

At first the female feeds her young a diet of insects.

This will mean less activity around your Hummingbird feeder.

But this nutritious high protein diet will help the babies to grow a feather coat to keep themselves warm and eventually enable them to fly.

hummingbird nestlings inside a nest.
Hummingbird Nestlings Several Days Old

It just takes a few more weeks and they are sitting outside the nest waiting for their Mom to bring their food.

Hummingbird Fledgling Perched Beside Nest Watching for Mom
Hummingbird Fledgling Perched Beside Nest
Watching for Mom

But once the youngsters start flying, the action at feeders will be constant.

In fact, in mid-summer, our backyard often resembles a busy airport with the constant arrival and departure of the hummers.

They swoop and dive about the yard giving us hours of entertainment.

A hummingbird feeder with several birds drinking off it.
Hummingbird Feeders Get Very Busy with Fledglings

Not to mention what has gone on before Hummingbird nests were built.

What with the defense of territory and mating rituals, backyard spaces are a real “humdinger” of busy places!

Annas Female Hummingbird Video

A beautiful video of a female Annas Hummingbird meticulously crafting her nest.


Animal Homes: The Nest

A hummingbird builds a nest of plant fibers and spiderwebs!Animal Homes tomorrow 4/8 on #NaturePBS on PBS

Posted by Nature | PBS on Tuesday, April 7, 2015

Hummingbird FAQ’s


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